• 一步步教你配置appium环境
  • 发布于 2个月前
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移动UI自动化测试中,很多人用appium这个开源框架。发现很多人在安装时,安装过程中出现各种问题,花费很多时间。特别是团队开始用时。每个人都在这上面踩坑,得不偿失。我写了一个脚本来自动实现这个安装环境。当时我的shell能力也很一般,如果有改进的地方,可以指出来。

Appium是一款开源的跨平台测试自动化工具,适用于本地,混合和移动网络和桌面应用程序。支持模拟器(iOS、Android)和真实设备(iOS,Android,Windows,Mac)。

准备工具
1. Xcode
2. PyCharm
3. Command Line Tool
4. HomeBrew 、Node 、npm ...
这里以mac环境为例,讲讲如何准备appium环境。
首先你得检测你的java环境是否装好。

1.安装Homebrew
Homebrew是MACOSX的软件管理工具,粗俗点说就是ma界的qq软件助手之类的东西。所以通过brew,安装什么chrome浏览器啊、atom编辑器之类的可视化工具也是可以的。
/usr/bin/ruby -e "$(curl -fsSL https://raw.githubusercontent.com/Homebrew/install/master/install)"

2.安装Node
brew install node

3.安装npm
npm 是node.js界的程序/模块管理工具,也就是说npm只管理那些服务于JavaScript社区的程序。而且跨平台,只要有node环境,windows和osx,
以及其他unix like操作系统都可以使用
切换淘宝镜像安装npm
npm install -g cnpm --registry=https://registry.npm.taobao.org
4.安装carthage

类似cocoapods管理第三方代码,自动将工程编译为动态库,仅支持iOS8以上。
brew install carthage

5.安装其他工具
libimobiledevice 使用指南
brew install libimobiledevice --HEAD
ideviceinstaller 负责给iOS设备安装卸载应用或者备份应用。该工具是基于libmobiledevice的,因此首先要完成libmobiledevice的编译安装

brew install ideviceinstaller

### 

6.安装Appium-Python-Client

如果我们用python语言来写appim,还需要安装Appium-Python-Client

pip install Appium-Python-Client


7.安装appium
npm install -g appium
当然,你可以切换淘宝镜像

8.安装appiumappium-doctor

npm install -g appium-doctor


运行appium-doctor来检测你的环境

God! 太多了,能不能有简便的方法。

我写了一个脚本,执行一下,能干上面所有事情。
#!/bin/bash

# get the java version
java_version=`java -version`
if [[ $check_results =~ "1.8." ]] 
then 
    echo "java version is 1.8, it seems not need to install java again."
else     
    echo "It is going to install jdk 1.8 version"
fi

# add JAVA_HOME in env
java_location=`ls -lrt /usr/bin/java |  awk '{print $NF}'`
profile_location="/Users/anderson/.bash_profile"`sed -i '$a export JAVA_HOME=${java_location} export PATH=$PATH:$JAVA_HOME/bin' ${profile_location}`
if [ $? -eq 0 ]; then 
    echo "add java env success" 
else  
    echo "add java env fail" 
fi
# check homebrew
check_results=`brew -v | grep "Homebrew"`echo "brew version is: ${check_results}"
if [[ $check_results =~ "Homebrew" ]] 
then 
    echo "package Homebrew has already installed. "
else 
    echo "This is going to install package Homebrew"
    `/usr/bin/ruby -e "$(curl -fsSL https://raw.githubusercontent.com/Homebrew/install/master/install)"`
    if [ $? -eq 0 ]; then 
        echo "Install brew success" 
    else  
        echo "Install brew fail" 
    fi
fi

#install node
check_results=`node -v`echo "node version is: ${check_results}"
if [[ $check_results =~ "\d+" ]] 
then 
    echo "node has already installed. "
    echo "will upgrade node"
    `brew upgrade node`
else 
    echo "This is going to install package node"
    `brew install node`
if [ $? -eq 0 ]; then 
        echo "Install node success" else  
        echo "Install node fail" 
    fi
fi

#install appium
check_results=`appium -v`echo "appium version is: ${check_results}"
if [[ $check_results =~ "\d+" ]] 
then 
    echo "appium has already installed. "
else 
    echo "This is going to install package appium"
    `npm install -g appium --registry http://registry.npm.taobao.org`    
if [ $? -eq 0 ]; then 
        echo "Install appium success" 
    else  
        echo "Install appium fail" 
    fi

fi

cmd_list=(    "npm install wd"
    "pip install Appium-Python-Client"
    "npm install -g appium-doctor --registry http://registry.npm.taobao.org"
    "brew install carthage"
    "brew install libimobiledevice --HEAD"
    "brew install ideviceinstaller"
    "brew install upgrade ideviceinstaller"
    "gem install xcpretty"
    "npm install app-inspector -g"
    "appium-doctor"
    )
function install(){
    echo "will install $@"
    result = $($@)    
    if [ $? -eq 0 ]; then 
        echo "Install $1 success" 
    else  
        echo "Install $1 fail" 
    fi
}
    
    
for ((i=0; i< ${#cmd_list[*]}; i++))
    do
        echo "start to install ${cmd_list[$i]} \n"
        install ${cmd_list[$i]}
    done

用shell来处理环境,效率会高很多,还不会出错。
还可以练练shell, 一举多得。
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